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hebrews 9 commentary

Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further follow the verse-by-verse International Bible Lesson Commentary. 1. The animals offered had no spirit or will to consent in the act of sacrifice; they were offered according to the law; they had a life neither enduring, nor of any intrinsic efficacy. 2 For n a tent 1 was prepared, the first section, in which were o the lampstand and p the table and q the bread of the Presence. Below are some quotations from Adventist sources that recognize day of atonement references in Hebrews, and especially Hebrews 9:25. remission--of sins: a favorite expression of Luke, Paul's companion. conscience--moral religious consciousness. It was Christ's offering himself without any sinful stain in his nature or life. ordained--arranged. Exodus 24:8 , "Behold the blood of the covenant, which the Lord has made with you concerning all these words." Not bearing the sin of many on Him as at His first coming (even then there was no sin in Him). Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. now--as the case is, once--for all; without need of renewal. him that did the service--any worshipper. Besides the goat offered for the people the blood of which was sprinkled before the mercy seat, the high priest led forth a second goat, namely, the scapegoat; over it he confessed the people's sins, putting them on the head of the goat, which was sent as the sin-bearer into the wilderness out of sight, implying that the atonement effected by the goat sin offering (of which the ceremony of the scapegoat is a part, and not distinct from the sin offering) consisted in the transfer of the people's sins on the goat, and their consequent removal out of sight. High Priest," exactly answers to Leviticus 4:5 , "the priest that is anointed." The pouring out of the blood on the altar is the main part of the sacrifice ( Leviticus 17:11 ), and it could not have place apart from the previous shedding of the blood in the slaying. The Vulgate, however, supports English Version reading. Christ alone beholds the Father without a veil, and is His perfect image. . In Hebrews 9:2-5 , "the worldly sanctuary" is discussed; in Hebrews 9:6 , &c., the "ordinances of worship." "The uncreated heaven of God, though in itself Untroubled light, yet needed a purification in so far as the light of love was obscured by the fire of wrath against sinful man" [DELITZSCH in ALFORD]. In Matthew 26:28 two other requisites appear: witnesses, the disciples; and a seal, the sacrament of the Lord's Supper, the sign of His blood wherewith the testament is primarily sealed. "In," however, may be used here (as the corresponding Hebrew word) as to things attached to the ark as appendages, as the book of the law was put "in the side of the ark," and so the golden jewels offered by the Philistines ( 1 Samuel 6:8 ). to serve--so as to serve. While it (the first tabernacle, and that which represents the Levitical system) as yet "has a standing" (so the Greek, that is, "has continuance": "lasts"), the way to heaven (the antitypical "holiest place") is not yet made manifest (compare Hebrews 10:19 Hebrews 10:20 ). good things to come--Greek, "the good things to come," Hebrews 10:1 ; "better promises," ( Hebrews 8:6 ; the "eternal inheritance," Hebrews 9:15 , 1 Peter 1:4 ; the "things hoped for," Hebrews 11:1 ). It is evident that the sacrifices of Christ are infinitely better than those of the law, which could neither procure pardon for sin, nor impart power against it. Christ's atonement had the effect also of casting Satan out of heaven ( Luke 10:18 , John 12:31 , compare Hebrews 2:14 ). The first is that the entire sacrificial system, the Aaronic priesthood, and the Tabernacle system of worship were only copies of a spiritual reality. "Our sins were laid on Him. . . Whereupon--rather, "Whence." ashes of an heifer--( Numbers 19:16-18 ). The thought of the former verses has been, “He chastens as a lather.”. Which--sacrifices. g. God also bearing witness: God does confirm His word with various miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit. "It is enough that Jesus should show Himself for us to the Father: the sight of Jesus satisfied God in our behalf. Hebrews 9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; … They might have known, as the law was clearly promulged, and they were bound to study it; so that their ignorance was culpable (compare Acts 3:17 , Ephesians 4:18 , 1 Peter 1:14 ). . showbread--literally, "the setting forth of the loaves," that is, the loaves set forth: "the show of the bread" [ALFORD]. All rights reserved. Compare Hebrews 9:11 , "good things to come." That sin has been at His first coming once for all taken away, so as to need no repetition of His sin offering of Himself ( Hebrews 9:26 ). Those taken in the rapture (1 Thessalonians 4:17) will never die once. In order to "offer" ( Hebrews 9:25 ), or present Himself often before God in the heavenly holiest place, like the legal high priests making fresh renewals of this high priestly function. A. Properly used of remitting a debt ( Matthew 6:12 , Matthew 18:27 Matthew 18:32 ); our sins are debts. by means of death--rather, as Greek, "death having taken place." They can only reach as far as the outward flesh (compare "carnal ordinances," Hebrews 9:10 Hebrews 9:13 Hebrews 9:14 ). Then verily--Greek, "Accordingly then." Hebrews 9 Commentary (1) “THEN VERILY THE FIRST COV­ENANT HAD ALSO ORDINANCES OF DIVINE SERVICE, AND A WORLDLY SANCTUARY.” The exegesis is: 1. of glory--The cherubim were bearers of the divine glory, whence, perhaps, they derive their name. —Rather, Furthermore we had the fathers of our flesh as chasteners ( i.e., to chasten us). Plainly, the death is supposed to be past (aorist, "made"); and the fact of the death is brought (Greek) before court to give effect to the will. He would have had, and would have often to suffer. 2 It is called the Holy Place. Christ has sealed the testament with His blood, of which the Lord's Supper is the sacramental sign. Hebrews 9 King James Version (KJV). after this the judgment--namely, at Christ's appearing, to which, in Hebrews 9:28 , "judgment" in this verse is parallel. offered--Greek, "offers." (1-5) Their use and meaning. The believer knows that his Redeemer liveth, and that he shall see him. 25. But, in Hebrews 9:24 , it is "to present Himself," namely, before God in the heavenly sanctuary; in Hebrews 9:26 , "been manifested" on earth. Chapter 9. The "first testament" thus includes the whole period from Adam to Christ, and not merely that of the covenant with Israel, which was a concentrated representation of the covenant made with (or the first testament given to) mankind by sacrifice, down from the fall to redemption. The need of death before the testamentary appointment takes effect, holds good in Christ's relation as MAN to us; Of course not in God's relation to Christ. 4. golden censer--The Greek, must not be translated "altar of incense," for it was not in "the holiest" place "after the second veil," but in "the holy place"; but as in 2 Chronicles 26:19 , and Ezekiel 8:11 , "censer": so Vulgate and Syriac. This passage contains a couple of points to help us understand why Jesus Christ's death took place late on the afternoon of Abib 14, while the Passover was commanded to be observed at the beginning of that day. The use made of the sanctuary so furnished by the high priest on the anniversary of atonement. pot--"golden," added in the Septuagint, and sanctioned by Paul. 9:8,25; 13:11) and uses it for the inner or second part of the sacred tent called the Holy of Holies (cf. So in the redemption-covenant, the death of Jesus symbolized the death of God (?) put away--abolish; doing away sin's power as well by delivering men from its guilt and penalty, so that it should be powerless to condemn men, as also from its yoke, so that they shall at last sin no more. Christ, having undertaken to be our High Priest, could not enter into heaven till he had shed his blood for us; and none of us can enter, either into God's gracious presence here, or his glorious presence hereafter, but by the blood of Jesus. covenant . 9 Now even the first covenant had regulations for worship and m an earthly place of holiness. They are there distinguished from the angels, and associated with the elders. 2. by a . Note, Christ's prophetical office, as the divine Teacher, was especially exercised during His earthly ministry; His priestly is now from His first to His second coming; His kingly office shall be fully manifested at, and after, His second coming. So the Hebrews took these words to mean that God will be the Father of the *Messiah. (11-22) The necessity, superior dignity, and power of his priesthood and sacrifice. The expression "which had," does not mean that the golden censer was deposited there, for in that case the high priest would have had to go in and bring it out before burning incense in it; but that the golden censer was one of the articles belonging to, and used for, the yearly service in the holiest place. 3 And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all; by--"through"; as the means of His approach. To have offered a dead animal to God would have been an insult (compare Malachi 1:8 ); much more for a man not justified by Christ's blood to offer dead works. He did not need to die again and again for each individual, or each successive generation of men, for He represents all men of every age, and therefore needed to die but once for all, so as to exhaust the penalty of death incurred by all. So justification is followed by renewing. This cleanses the most guilty conscience from dead, or deadly, works to serve the living God; from sinful works, such as pollute the soul, as dead bodies did the persons of the Jews who touched them; while the grace that seals pardon, new-creates the polluted soul. redemption of . The depth of the mystery of the sacrifice of Christ, we cannot dive into, the height we cannot comprehend. . a. The tabernacle and its contents needed purification ( 2 Chronicles 29:21 ). The law in Exodus sanctioned formally many sacrificial practices in use by tradition, from the primitive revelation long before. Hence BENGEL translates, "And (having taken) the book itself (so Exodus 24:7 ), he both sprinkled all the people, and ( Hebrews 9:21 ) moreover sprinkled the tabernacle." Compare Hebrews 9:11 Hebrews 9:12 , "not of this building," Hebrews 9:24 . So not our righteousness, nor any other priest's sacrifice, but Christ alone atones; and as the high priest before offering incense had on common garments of a priest, but after it wore his holy garments of "glory and beauty" ( Exodus 28:2 Exodus 28:40 ) in entering the holiest, so Christ entered the heavenly holiest in His glorified body. He has in Hebrews 9:13 Hebrews 9:14 , expanded the words "by his own blood," Hebrews 9:12 ; and in Hebrews 9:15-23 , he has enlarged on "an High Priest of good things to come." 13. if--as we know is the case; so the Greek indicative means. ALFORD loses this contrast in translating, "by His sacrifice.". shedding of blood--shed in the slaughter of the victim, and poured out at the altar subsequently. . The Greek is literally "to bear up" ( 1 Peter 2:24 ). under . The exceptions to all things being purified by blood are, Exodus 19:10 , Leviticus 15:5 , &c., Leviticus 16:26 Leviticus 16:28 , 22:6 , Numbers 31:22-24 . look for him--with waiting expectation even unto the end (so the Greek). having obtained--having thereby obtained; literally, "found for Himself," as a thing of insuperable difficulty to all save Divine Omnipotence, self-devoting zeal, and love, to find. signifying--by the typical exclusion of all from the holiest, save the high priest once a year. without spot--The animal victims had to be without outward blemish; Christ on the cross was a victim inwardly and essentially stainless ( 1 Peter 1:19 ). in the person of the mediating victim, and the death of man in the same. calves. They could neither discharge the debts, nor resolve the doubts, of him who did the service. This sense (testament) of the Greek "diathece" here does not exclude its other secondary senses in the other passages of the New Testament: (1) a covenant between two parties; (2) an arrangement, or disposition, made by God alone in relation to us. He virtually supposes (without specifying) the existence of the "altar of incense" in the anterior holy place, by mentioning the golden censer filled with incense from it: the incense answers to the prayers of the saints; and the altar though outside the holiest place, is connected with it (standing close by the second veil, directly before the ark of the covenant), even as we find an antitypical altar in heaven. At His second coming He shall have no more to do with sin. . Commentary Read Hebrews 9:1-5 Verse 1-5 — The apostle shows to the Hebrews the typical reference of their ceremonies to Christ. THOLUCK thinks the twelve loaves of the showbread represent the twelve tribes of the nation, presented as a community before God consecrated to Him (just as in the Lord's Supper believers, the spiritual Israel, all partaking of the one bread, and becoming one bread and one body, present themselves before the Lord as consecrated to Him, 1 Corinthians 10:16 1 Corinthians 10:17 ); the oil and light, the pure knowledge of the Lord, in which the covenant people are to shine (the seven (lights), implying perfection); the ark of the covenant, the symbol of God's kingdom in the old covenant, and representing God dwelling among His own; the ten commandments in the ark, the law as the basis of union between God and man; the mercy seat covering the law and sprinkled with the blood of atonement for the collective sin of the people, God's mercy [in Christ] stronger than the law; the cherubim, the personified [redeemed] creation, looking down on the mercy seat, where God's mercy, and God's law, are set forth as the basis of creation. These could not take away the defilement or dominion of sin. sin--singular number; all the sins of men of every age are regarded as one mass laid on Christ. His oblation of Himself before God was once for all (that is, the bringing in of His blood into the heavenly Holy of Holies), and therefore the preliminary suffering was once for all. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. eternal--The entrance of our Redeemer, once for all, into the heavenly holiest place, secures eternal redemption to us; whereas the Jewish high priest's entrance was repeated year by year, and the effect temporary and partial, "On redemption," compare Matthew 20:28 , Ephesians 1:7 , Colossians 1:14 , 1 Timothy 2:5 , Titus 2:14 , 1 Peter 1:19 . As contact with a dead body defiled ceremonially (compare the allusion, "ashes of an heifer," Hebrews 9:13 ), so dead works defile the inner consciousness spiritually. . (A)2 A tabernacle(B)was set up. manna--an omer, each man's daily portion. without sin--apart from, separate from, sin. is--Greek, "takes place": comes to pass. the first--the anterior tabernacle. transgressions . Here is a Bible study, commentary, and summary of Hebrews chapter nine. He entered within the veil on that day twice at least. He "through the eternal Spirit," that is, His divine Spirit ( Romans 1:4 , in contrast to His "flesh," Hebrews 9:3 ; His Godhead, 1 Timothy 3:16 , 1 Peter 3:18 ), "His inner personality" [ALFORD], which gave a free consent to the act, offered Himself. First of all, read Hebrews 9:1-10 for yourself and include these verses as part of your exposition of the Hebrews 9:11-14 text for this week. table--typifying light and life ( Exodus 25:31-39 ). . In both dispensations the inheritance was bequeathed: in the new by One who has come in person and died; in the old by the same one, only typically and ceremonially present. No longer in the alien "form of a servant," but in His own proper glory. Before the inheritance by the New Testament (for here the idea of the "INHERITANCE," following as the result of Christ's "death," being introduced, requires the Greek to be translated "testament," as it was before covenant) could come in, there must be redemption of (that is, deliverance from the penalties incurred by) the transgressions committed under the first testament, for the propitiatory sacrifices under the first testament reached only as far as removing outward ceremonial defilement. On the truth here, compare Leviticus 5:11-13 , an exception because of poverty, confirming the general rule. with water--prescribed, though not in the twenty-fourth chapter of Exodus, yet in other purifications; for example, of the leper, and the water of separation which contained the ashes of the red heifer. and upon his sons, and upon the altar, is mentioned as well as the anointing, so that we might naturally infer, as JOSEPHUS has distinctly stated, that the tabernacle and its vessels were sprinkled with blood as well as being anointed: Leviticus 16:16 Leviticus 16:20 Leviticus 16:33 , virtually sanctions this inference. Also, it is "death," not "sacrifice" or "slaying." James Rosscup writes that Barnes "includes 16 volumes on the Old Testament, 11 on the New Testament. Thus "once" means here on the one occasion only. [This is Week 4 of a 5-week preaching series on Hebrews.] But in order to obtain the inheritance which is a reality, there must be a real propitiation, since God could not enter into covenant relation with us so long as past sins were unexpiated; Romans 3:24 Romans 3:25 , "a propitiation . What gave such power to the blood of Christ? From likeness we here pass to contrast. Aaron, the Levitical high priest for the people, stood before the ark and only saw the cloud, the symbol of God's glory ( Exodus 28:30 ). His body is opposed to the tabernacle, as His blood to the blood of goats, &c. greater--as contrasted with the small dimensions of the earthly anterior tabernacle. 3. These requisites of a will, or testament. Compare Hebrews 9:23 , which shows that there is something antitypical to the Bible in heaven itself (compare Revelation 20:12 ). Just as on the day of atonement, no work was done, no sacrifice was offered, or priest was allowed to be in the tabernacle while the high priest went into the holiest place to make atonement ( Leviticus 16:17 Leviticus 16:29 ). The tabernacle was a movable temple, shadowing forth the unsettled state of the church upon earth, and the human nature of the Lord Jesus Christ, in whom the fulness of the Godhead dwelt bodily. May we ascribe all real good works to the same all-procuring cause, and offer our spiritual sacrifices as sprinkled with Christ's blood, and so purified from their defilement. perfect--perfectly remove the sense of guilt, and sanctify inwardly through love. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. The Shekinah, or cloud of glory, in which Jehovah appeared between the cherubim over the mercy seat, the lid of the ark, is doubtless the reference. errors--Greek, "ignorances": "inadvertent errors." . dedicated--"inaugurated." Rome's fiction of an UNBLOODY sacrifice in the mass, contradicts her assertion that the blood of Christ is present in the wine; and also confutes her assertion that the mass is propitiatory; for, if unbloody, it cannot be propitiatory; for without shedding of blood there is no remission ( Hebrews 9:22 ). dead works--All works done in the natural state, which is a state of sin, are dead; for they come not from living faith in, and love to, "the living God" ( Hebrews 11:6 ). The ashes were laid by for constant use; so the continually cleansing effects of Christ's blood, once for all shed. Sunday, October 2, 2016, is from Hebrews 1:1-9. drinks--( Leviticus 10:9 , 11:4 ). In accordance with the command given to Moses, "the first covenant had," &c. had--not "has," for as a covenant it no longer existed, though its rites were observed till the destruction of Jerusalem. 22. almost--to be joined with "all things," namely almost all things under the old dispensation. [This is Week 4 of a 5-week preaching series on Hebrews.] ark--of shittim wood, that is, acacia. unto salvation--to bring in completed salvation; redeeming then the body which is as yet subject to the bondage of corruption. (6-10) These fulfilled in Christ. . 6. The saints shall hereafter see God's face in Christ ( Revelation 22:4 ): the earnest of which is now given ( 2 Corinthians 3:18 ). . have suffered--rather as Greek, "It would have been necessary for Him often to suffer." But in this case Christ comes to life again, and is Himself (including all that He hath), in the power of His now endless life, His people's inheritance; in His being Heir ( Hebrews 1:2 ), they are heirs. appeared--Greek, "been manifested" on earth ( 1 Timothy 3:16 , 1 Peter 1:20 ). Jesus is superior to *angels 1:6-9 Christ's death is symbolized by the slain goat; His resurrection to life by the living goat sent away. Hebrews: New Testament Commentary Series, by Ray C. Stedman. it is appointed--Greek, "it is laid up (as our appointed lot)," Colossians 1:5 . Therefore there remains (still unrealized in any rest that Israel then enjoyed) a sacred rest, a Sabbath-rest (the word is now changed), for the people of God. None before had trodden the path. once offered--not "often," Hebrews 9:25 ; just as "men," of whom He is the representative Head, are appointed by God once to die. purge--purify from fear, guilt, alienation from Him, and selfishness, the source of dead works ( Hebrews 9:22 Hebrews 9:23 ). cherubim--representing the ruling powers by which God acts in the moral and natural world. And Paul, by the term "testament," does not mean aught save one having conditions attached to it, one which is at the same time a covenant [POLI, Synopsis]; the conditions are fulfilled by Christ, not by us, except that we must believe, but even this God works in His people. `` partakers of the covenant '' ; the key unlocking the heavenly Holy of Holies to.... Resumption more fully of the covenant '' ; as the * angels 1:6-9 Sunday, October,... Translated, `` not of this building, '' Hebrews 9:24 an exception because of poverty confirming.. `` system of simple english designed by Wycliffe Associates ( UK ) meaning of covenant... The greatness of it, or possibly more, entrances on that day twice at.. Heavenly sanctuary ( Hebrews 9:17 ) redemption '' MENTIONED in the Old covenant. and the therein. Numbers 19:4 ) patterns -- '' seeing that it was the Lord Jesus the wisdom, one., Chapters 9-13 Hebrews IVP New Testament Commentary series, by translating all alike, 9:16... Lord has made with you concerning all these words. His Testament takes effect Hebrews. Peter 2:24 ) manifested '' on earth, while he is the hebrews 9 commentary act of heavenly! 19:3 Numbers 19:4 ) translated, `` we look for Him -- with the words! Properly used of remitting a debt ( Matthew 6:12, Matthew 26:28 may be,..., he was lifted up on the truth here, not time, to! His word with various miracles, and poured out at the altar of the,... Christ did 23. patterns -- '' in Romans 8:19 Romans 8:23, John! Own '' ( compare Hebrews 9:11 Hebrews 9:12 His eternal Spirit, concurred with the blood of Christ ( 33:18! 'S triumph, and especially believers only droned for all actual sins but! Typical exclusion of all -- heaven, the height we can not search out the greatness of it though... Copies things in the redemption-covenant, the love, the height we can not therefore accepted. Who can understand all His errors, although meant to be washed away but by typical... An element of disorder into the relations of God (? one occasion only practices in use by,! Po, '' Hebrews 9:10 Hebrews 9:13 Hebrews 9:14 ) he, antitype. Sprinkling of the Old Testament, 11 on the New Testament Testament does require! ; `` me po '' denies the thing subjectively punishment ( Luke 10:18, John 12:31 compare... 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