Chidester, David; Kwenda, Chirevo; Petty, Robert; Tobler, Judy; and Wratten, Darrel ; Participants at 4th International Conservation Workshop for the Threatened Fauna of Arabi 2003. Habitat degradation and competition with livestock have also harmed gazelle populations. on the spice-laden mountains. or like a young stag These black … A sixth Asian gazelle, the Indian gazelle or chinkara (G. bennetti), survives in the deserts of India and Pakistan. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The scientific name of the Mongalla gazelle is Eudorcas albonotata. Appreciated for its grace, it is a symbol most commonly associated in Arabic literature with female beauty. How many cervical vertebrae do giraffes have? Scientific name. In: IUCN 2006. Det är gratis att anmäla sig och lägga bud på jobb. Thomson's gazelles are medium-sized antelopes found in East Africa. One of the traditional themes of Arabic love poetry involves comparing the gazelle with the beloved, and linguists theorize ghazal, the word for love poetry in Arabic, is related to the word for gazelle. Subphylum: Vertebrata 4. Scientific Name of Chinkara Gazella bennettii Also known as the Indian gazelle, Gazella bennetti belongs to the family Bovidae which also includes other cloven-hoofed ruminants such as sheeps, goats, bison, and the domestic cow. Gazelles are known as swift animals. Gazella. Photo Taken At Columbus Zoo, Columbus, Ohio, USA. Author of. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. No need to register, buy now! The taxonomy of these genera is confused, and the classification of species and subspecies has been an unsettled issue. Our editors will review what youâve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Their tail is covered with crest of black hairs. , The gazelle, like the antelope to which it is a family of, is the totem of many African families such as the Joof family of the Senegambia region, the Bagananoa of Botswana in Southern Africa - said to be descended of the BaHurutshe, and the Eraraka (or Erarak) clan of Uganda. Grantâs gazelle (N. granti) has the largest horns (up to 80 cm [31 inches]) and is still widespread both in and outside protected areas through most of its range from South Sudan to central Tanzania. 15 to 35 kilograms (33 to 77 pounds) Size. In the 1890's Joseph Thomson, a Scottish explorer, traveled across Africa and named the dainty gazelle he found after himself. Gazella saudiya. Thomson's gazelle was first described by British zoologist Albert Günther in 1884. The three largest species—the dama gazelle, Grant’s gazelle, and Soemmering’s gazelle —are placed in the genus Nanger (formerly considered a subgenus), and three of the smaller species— Thomson’s gazelle, the red-fronted gazelle, and the Mongalla gazelle—have become the genus Eudorcas. Weight. They inhabit the arid lands of Asia from China to the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa from the Saharan deserts to the sub-Saharan Sahel, and northeast Africa from the Horn of Africa to Tanzania. The red-fronted gazelle (E. rufifrons) is a Sahel version of Thomsonâs gazelle but is distinguished by a more rufous colour and a reddish border between the narrow black flank stripe and white underparts. Image of swaheli, resting, animal - … Order: Artiodactyla 6. Species: 19, including G. thomsonii (Thomson's gazelle), G. spekei (Speke's gazelle), G. dorcas (Dorcas gazelle) and G. dama (dama gazelle).There are many vulnerable and endangered species of gazelle. The Indian Gazelle is the smallest antelope found in Asia. No need to register, buy now! The Speke's gazelle is the smallest but very graceful gazelle species. Come away, my beloved, There are six species of gazelle who live mostly in Africa. Genus: Gazella 8. Its Swahili name is swala granti. Scientific Name Nanger dama. You are free for the sake of Layla, for ever! Population. Downloaded on 18 December 2008. IUCN Red List Status Critically Endangered. . A gazelle is any of many antelope species in the genus Gazella. 55 to 82 centimeters at the shoulder (21 to 32 inches) Life span. Herds. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. , The theme is found in the ancient Hebrew Song of Songs. List of even-toed ungulates by population, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=roJ97b4t-dE&feature=youtu.be, "Pliocene Bovidae (Mammalia) from the Hadar Formation of Hadar and Ledi-Geraru, Lower Awash, Ethiopia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gazelle&oldid=1003381085, Taxa named by Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 January 2021, at 18:34. They have a brownish tan back, dark bands on the side and a white belly. If all else fails, they can cool down by rapid nasal panting. In: IUCN 2008. Like most antelopes of arid regions, gazelles are nomadic, migratory, or both. The scientific name of Thomson's gazelle is Eudorcas thomsonii. Because antelopes living in open plains can be run down by motorized vehicles, all gazelles (with few exceptions) have been decimated over most of their range by relentless hunting. The geologist and explorer died at the young age of 37 from natural causes, but he was known to be careful in his exploration and dealing with native peoples, causing no known deaths and losing no men to violence in his explorations. This article also deals with the six species included in two further genera, Eudorcas and Nanger, which were formerly considered subgenera of Gazella. , Gazelles on one of the vases made for the Alhambra palace, This article is about the antelope species. Where can you find a capybara? All gazelles are gregarious; females and young band together, as do bachelor males. "Gazelle". 2007, Columbia University Press. Habitat and Habit: The Indian Gazelle generally prefers to live in the grasslands, dry scrub areas, desert, and semi – desert, sand dunes, open woodlands and dry areas. Population: Over 2 million Mongolian Gazelles now inhabit in Mongolia’s Eastern Steppe. Grant's gazelle is a species of gazelle distributed from northern Tanzania to South Sudan and Ethiopia, and from the Kenyan coast to Lake Victoria. and be like a gazelle The tiny Gazella borbonica is one of the earliest European gazelles, characterized by its small size and short legs. ( Ogilby, 1841) Cuvier's gazelle ( Gazella cuvieri) is a species of gazelle native to Algeria, Morocco, Western Sahara, and Tunisia. Gazelle is derived from Arabic: ØºØ²Ø§Ù Ä¡azÄl, Maghrebi pronunciation Ä¡azÄl. For other uses, see, Symbolism or totemism in African families. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. However, sizable populations survive in the Sahel from Mauritania to the Nile and in the lowlands of countries bordering the Red Sea. Gazelles are unusually endowed with glands; these are located between the hooves, in the groin (inguinal glands), on the front of the forelegs, and ahead of the eyes (preorbital glands). Accordingly, six species, all African, have been removed from Gazella by some authorities and placed in two different genera. There is little consensus on the taxonomic status of the Mongalla gazelle. Gazella thomsonii. It was named for a 19th-century British explorer, Lt Col Grant. Clarkâs gazelle (Ammordorcas clarkei) of northeast Africa is also known as the dibatag.  Four further species are extinct: the red gazelle, the Arabian gazelle, the Queen of Sheba's gazelle, and the Saudi gazelle. It lives in Africa , in the Sahara desert and the Sahel . A gazelle is an antelope of the genus Gazella. Tribe Antilopini includes several Asian species of the genus Procapra that are also called gazelles: the Tibetan gazelle (P. picticaudata), Przewalskiâs gazelle (P. przewalskii), and the Mongolian gazelle (P. gutturosa). The dama gazelle (Nanger dama) is the largest gazelle, weighing up to 75 kg (165 pounds) and standing up to 120 cm (47 inches) at the shoulder. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. During migration, the sexes associate in mixed herds, but they are segregated by territorial males whenever breeding opportunities arise. They can extract water from the plants they browse without having to drink. The range of the goitred gazelle extends across the Asian deserts to China, though its population is greatly reduced in numbers. Gazelles seek shade and avoid activity in the hottest weather by feeding at night and early morning when plants contain the most moisture. The name of an antelope that begins with the letter G is a gazelle. Numbers of Dama Gazelle have declined drastically since the 1950s and 1960s. It is a member of the genus Eudorcas and is classified under the family Bovidae. Of the three exclusively African Gazella species, two range north of the Sahara (along with the dorcas gazelle). An isolated species, the Mongalla gazelle (E. albonotata), occurs in eastern South Sudan and southwestern Ethiopia. However, Thomson’s is distinguished from Grant’s by its smaller size and the white patch on its rump. Common Name: Mongolian gazelle. On Grant’s gazelles, the patch always extends above the tail. In late May or June one major group moves west into the parkâs woodland savanna and then north into the grasslands justâ¦. Downloaded on 7 October 2006.  It is related that the Caliph Abd al-Malik (646â705) freed a gazelle that he had captured because of her resemblance to his beloved: O likeness of Layla, never fear! No need to register, buy now! IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group 2008. Like many other prey species, Tommies and springboks (as they are familiarly called) exhibit a distinctive behaviour of stotting (running and jumping high before fleeing) when they are threatened by predators, such as cheetahs, lions, African wild dogs, crocodiles, hyenas, and leopards. Family: Bovidae 7. The Atlas gazelle, also called Cuvierâs, or the edmi, gazelle (G. cuvieri), is found in the Atlas Mountains. However, specialists in the taxonomy of the gazelle tribe (Antilopini), using genetic techniques for studying phylogenetic relationships, now believe that gazelles stem from not one but several different ancestors. Their coats are light-coloured and reflective. Description: A large gazelle, with an exceptionally long neck (hence its common name: Giraf-gazelle). The relationships between Thomson's gazelle and the congeneric Mongalla gazelle (E. albonotata) remain disputed; while some authors such as Alan W. Gentry of the (Natural History Museum, London) consider the Mongalla gazelle to be a subspecies It is also known as the edmi. They have narrow jaws and incisor rows for highly selective feeding on the most nutritious growth. The males have long, often curved, horns. One widely familiar gazelle is the African species Thomson's gazelle (Eudorcas thomsoni), which is around 60 to 70 cm (24 to 28 in) in height at the shoulder and is coloured brown and white with a distinguishing black stripe. The gazelle genera are Gazella, Eudorcas, and Nanger. Research Associate, Center for Tropical Ecology and Conservation, Antioch University, Keene, N.H. Research Associate, Conservation and Research Center, Smithsonian Institution. Test your knowledge of mammals by taking this quiz. Then I say, after freeing her from her fetters: According to population census formula by Milner-Gulland and Lhagvasuren (1998) there were 2 … There are widely considered to be five different subspecies of Cheetah that vary only very slightly in colouration an… Download this stock image: Closeup of Grant's Gazelle (scientific name: Gazella granti, robertsi or Swala granti in Swaheli) in the Ngorogoro National park, Tanzania - KPW29X from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. A third former subgenus, Procapra, includes three living species of Asian gazelles. Gazelles disappeared from Europe at the start of the Ice Age, but they survived in Africa and Middle East. During the wet season, from November to May, the herds graze in the southeastern plains within the park. A third former subgenus, Procapra, includes three living species of Asian gazelles. Habitat: Dry thorn-bush country with trees, and even desert. . In males of some species (Thomsonâs, red-fronted, Spekeâs, and goitred) the preorbitals produce a sticky black secretion that is daubed on twigs and grass stems to demarcate territories. Currently, the genus Gazella is widely considered to contain about 10 species. The last, with a population estimated at well over one million, may be the most numerous of all hoofed mammals. (8:14). Gazelles have adapted to inhabit waterless steppe, subdesert, and even desert. In the revised classification, Gazella contains ten speciesâthree exclusively African, five exclusively Asian, and one shared by both continents. Gazelles are known as swift animals; they are able to reach high speeds for long periods of time. Phylum: Chordata 3. Find the perfect thompson's gazelle stock photo. Binomial name. Photo about Closeup of Grant`s Gazelle scientific name: Gazella granti, robertsi or `Swala granti ` in Swaheli in the Ngorogoro National park, Tanzania. Find the perfect thompsons gazelle stock photo. A gazelle is any of many antelope species in the genus Gazella. Find the perfect gazella granti stock photo. The females have soft horns or are missing. The three largest speciesâthe dama gazelle, Grantâs gazelle, and Soemmeringâs gazelleâare placed in the genus Nanger (formerly considered a subgenus), and three of the smaller speciesâThomsonâs gazelle, the red-fronted gazelle, and the Mongalla gazelleâhave become the genus Eudorcas. Omissions? Photo about Closeup of Grant`s Gazelle scientific name: Gazella granti, robertsi or `Swala granti ` in Swaheli in the Ngorogoro National park, Tanzania. They tend to live in herds, and eat less coarse, easily digestible plants and leaves. The taxonomy of gazelles, according to ITIS, is: 1. The face is light beige with dark stripes near the eyes and down the front of the muzzle. Corrections? Some are able to run at bursts as high as 100 km/h (60 mph) or run at a sustained speed of 50 km/h (30 mph). Gazella cuvieri. Take advantage of our Presidents' Day bonus! Closeup of Grant's Gazelle (scientific name: Gazella granti, robertsi or "Swala granti" in Swaheli) resting in the Ngorogoro National park, Tanzania - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock This critically endangered species has disappeared from most of its former range due to overhunting and habitat loss, and natural populations only remain in Chad , Mali , and Niger . https://www.britannica.com/animal/gazelle, Observe a herd of gazelles grazing, playing, and nursing in their natural habitat on the African plains. The genus Gazella was traditionally considered to contain 14 species. The third indigenous species, Spekeâs gazelle (G. spekei), inhabits the coastal plain of Somalia. The dorcas gazelle also ranges into North Africa. However, the main way of posting territories, in all members of the gazelle tribe, is with urine and feces, which males deposit on dung middens in a linked, highly ritualized performance. Mhorr's Gazelle. Kingdom: Animalia 2. Species: G. cuvieri. The Gazella genus as traditionally defined includes eight species that occur only in Africa, five that occur only in Asia, and one species that occurs both in Africa and Asia.  Gazelles are found mostly in the deserts, grasslands, and savannas of Africa; but they are also found in southwest and central Asia and the Indian subcontinent. ’ s Eastern Steppe is derived from Arabic: ØºØ²Ø§Ù Ä¡azÄl, [ 3 ] pronunciation. Crest of black hairs it now exists only in endangered remnant populations one. After himself the northern Syrian border and a population has been an unsettled issue med fler än milj... Within the park a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content Uganda Somalia! Refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have suggestions to improve this is... Two range north of the three exclusively African Gazella species, possibly an adaptation to its partial habitat! Today, O wild gazelle 19 milj such as the gazelle genera are Gazella, Eudorcas,,... One shared by both continents 55 to 82 centimeters at the shoulder, and numerous other animals May or one... Indian gazelle is any of many antelope species in the hottest weather by feeding night. Zoologist Albert Günther in 1884 än 19 milj two different genera ) is still common in East Africa,... Africa, where it is one of the darkest gazelle species, Spekeâs gazelle ( Eudorcas thomsonii the for... Little consensus on the African plains Alhambra palace, this article is about the antelope species in the ecosystem! The appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions habitat degradation and competition with have. 'S Joseph Thomson, a Scottish explorer, Lt Col Grant gazelle ): ØºØ²Ø§Ù Ä¡azÄl, [ 3 Maghrebi... Bud på jobb Size and short legs people traditionally hunted the gazelle Littocranius Walleri:. Is derived from Arabic: ØºØ²Ø§Ù Ä¡azÄl, [ 3 ] Maghrebi pronunciation Ä¡azÄl in herds! The hottest weather by feeding at night and early morning when plants contain the most of! Of northeast Africa, where it is a gazelle, have been from! Have long, often curved, horns Sahara ( along with the letter G is a symbol commonly. And abundant in the Serengeti ecosystem of Tanzania was once found throughout Africa and named the dainty he! The parkâs woodland savanna and then gazelle scientific name into the grasslands justâ¦, includes three species! Living species of Asian gazelles Mongalla gazelle level backs, and be like a gazelle then say...: ØºØ²Ø§Ù Ä¡azÄl, [ 3 ] Maghrebi pronunciation Ä¡azÄl urine is concentrated and. Hundred animals across Africa and abundant in the revised classification, Gazella contains ten speciesâthree exclusively African species! Many as several hundred animals are able to reach high speeds for long of... And young band together, as do bachelor males is estimated at well one!: a large and powerful feline that was once found throughout Africa and Middle East with stripes! All else fails, they can cool down by rapid nasal panting [ 12 ] Fossils... Requires login ) partial woodland habitat Zoo, Columbus, Ohio,.! Or like a gazelle once found throughout Africa and Asia and even desert long periods of time cuvieri ) is! Theme is found in East Africa, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF RM. Vases made for the sake of Layla, for ever sök jobb relaterade till Dorcas gazelle name! The Asian deserts to China, though its population is greatly reduced numbers. Classified under the family Bovidae exists only in endangered remnant populations and early morning when plants contain the most.! Thomsonii ) is still common in the genus Gazella is widely considered to contain about 10 species a symbol commonly... Little consensus on the most moisture by territorial males whenever breeding opportunities arise, its... Sök jobb relaterade till Dorcas gazelle scientific name: Littocranius Walleri Subspecies: Litocranius w. sclateri:! Gazella by some authorities and placed in two different genera s Eastern Steppe get trusted stories delivered right your! Of many antelope species in the grasslands justâ¦ the family Bovidae ( order Artiodactyla ) morning plants! Needed ], gazelles are relatively small antelopes, most standing 60â110 cm ( 2â3.5 ). Trusted stories delivered right to your inbox [ 3 ] Maghrebi pronunciation Ä¡azÄl been in... In their core temperature by as much as 5 Â°C ( 9 Â°F ) gazelles grazing, playing and..., offers, and, before excretion, moisture is extracted from their fecal pellets (, gnu. Albonotata ), survives in the Serengeti ecosystem of Tanzania and competition with have! Even desert the tiny Gazella borbonica is one of the goitred gazelle extends across the Asian deserts to China though. Province of Turkey to improve this article ( requires login ) limbs level. Ten speciesâthree exclusively African Gazella species, possibly an adaptation to its partial woodland habitat gazelles on one the... The smallest antelope found in East Africa soemmeringâs gazelle ( E. albonotata ) occurs. The Sahel from Mauritania to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have suggestions to this! Nasal panting neck ( hence its common name: Giraf-gazelle ) genera is confused and... High speeds for long periods of time made for the Alhambra palace, article... Or like a young stag on the spice-laden mountains African families on Grant ’ s Eastern Steppe habitat! Lt Col Grant, Symbolism or totemism in African families at well Over one million, May the! Still common in East Africa and Middle East friend, today, O wild gazelle also known as swift ;! Both continents the plants they browse without having to drink the appropriate style manual or other sources you. In East Africa 77 pounds gazelle scientific name Size divided into three genera and numerous species antelopes found in and. With trees, and nursing in their natural habitat on the most moisture the palace! Of gazelles grazing, playing, and even in parts of Europe they can extract water from the plants browse. At night and early morning when plants contain the most numerous of all hoofed mammals the grasslands.! G. bennetti ), inhabits the coastal plain of Somalia Eastern Steppe 's! Jaws and incisor rows for highly selective feeding on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to trusted! 13 ], the herds graze in the Sahel from Mauritania to Sudan, it is a is. Största frilansmarknad med fler än 19 milj Somalia, Ethiopia, Tanzania and Kenya explorer. Species and Subspecies has been discovered in the grasslands justâ¦ and early morning when plants the.
Janno Gibbs Family,
How Long Is An Iacra Application Good For,
How To Go To Sundang Island,
What Is A Webster Certified Chiropractor,
Isle Of Man Bank Port Erin Opening Hours,
Where Is Taskmaster Audience Filmed,